Crime Library: Criminal Minds and Methods

The Last Stop


Beck, Martha Letters in Sing Sing Case Files. Courtesy of New York State Archives, Albany, New York.

Christianson, Scott (1998) Condemned New York, NY: Northern University Press.

Cook, John "Pulling the Plug on the Electric Chair" Mother Jones InteractiveMay, 2000

The Citizen Register, September 2, 1949, March 9, 1951

Dolan, Frank. "Ruth and Judd Die in Chair". New York Daily News, January 13, 1928, p. 2

Death Penalty Information Center

Duncan Gerald. "Borgia, Unconscious Dies With Appelgate". New York Daily News, July 17, 1936, p. 6

Eggleston, Niles (1997) Eva Coo Murderess Utica, New York: North Country Books, Inc.

Eisenhower, Dwight D. The Personal Papers of Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1953

Elliott, Robert G. (1940) Agent of Death. New York, NY: E.P. Dutton and Co.

Espionage Time. June 29, 1953

Hearn, Daniel Allen (1997) Legal Executions in New York State 1639-1963.

"It Could Never Happen in Russia". U.S. News and World Reports, June 26, 1953

Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company Inc.

Johnson, Paul (1997) A History of the American People. New York, NY: Harper Collins Publishers

Knappman, Edward K. (1994). Great American Trials. Detroit, Mich: Visible Ink Publishers.

Kivel, Martin. "Hearts Killers Calmly Face the Last Mile". The New York Daily News, March 9, 1951, p. 5

Kronenwetter, Michael (1993) The Death Penalty. Santa Babara, CA: Contemporary Issues Publishing

Mustain, Gene. Good With Electricity. New York Daily News, June 4, 1999, p. 23

Nash, Jay Robert. (1973) Bloodletters and Badmen. New York, NY: M. Evans and Company

Nash, Jay Robert. (1981) Look For the Woman. New York, NY: M. Evans and Company Inc.

New York Times. January 18, 1936, January 24, 1936, July 17, 1936

Sing Sing Prison Electrocutions 1891-1963 Ossining Historical Society, Ossining, New York

Smyth, Frank. (1980) Cause of Death. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.