Crime Library: Criminal Minds and Methods

Carnival of Death: Lynching in America


Allen, James and Littlefield (1998) Without Sanctuary. Sante Fe, New Mexico: Twin Palms Publishers.

Brundage, W.Fitzhugh (1959) Lynching in the New South Chicago, Ill: University of Illinois Press

The Arkansas Gazette (July 31, 1917)

The Atlanta Constitution (February 16, 1921)

The Birth of a Nation (

The Booker T. Washington Era : Library of Congress (

Bookshelf '98 (CD) Microsoft Corporation.

The Boston Evening Transcript July 21, 1886

The Chicago Chronicle June 19, 1897

The Chicago Tribune February 27, 2000

Cinemania '96 (CD) Microsoft Corporation.

The Cleveland Advocate September 20, 1916

The Cleveland Gazette May 16, 1903 and September 8, 1893

The Cleveland Leader June 19, 1897

Dirks, Tom (1996) Birth of a Nation Review (

Encarta 2000 (CD) Microsoft Corporation

The Indiananapolis News June 19, 1897

The Intelligenser October 12, 1911

 The Mobile Register June 18, 1897

Myers, David (1992) Social Psychology. New York, NY: Prentice Hall Publishers

The New York Times

The Springfield Weekly Republican April 28, 1899

Tolnay, Stewart E. and Beck, E.M. (1995) Festival of Violence Chicago, ILL: University of Illinois Press

Wade, Wyn Craig (1987) The Fiery Cross. New York City, NY: Oxford Press.



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