Crime Library: Criminal Minds and Methods

Playing the System: The Martin Appel Case


Blackford, Jake. "Appel's Conviction Tossed," Express Times, May 25, 1999.

Boyer, Dave. "No surprise for Appel to Appeal," Morning Call, March 3, 1995.

"DA Sues to Force Death Warrant," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 18, 1993.

"Elwell, Gay. "Appel Changes his Mind," Morning Call, March 8, 1995.

"Apple's Attorney to Seek Evidence of Illness," Morning Call, April 28, 1995.

"Appel to Get hearing on Claim of Illness When He Waived Rights," Morning Call, April 19, 1995.

"First-hand Knowledge of Pain," Morning Call, May 29, 1999.

Garlicki, Debbie and Jeff Gellman. "Appel's Win Rare, Justified," Morning Call, May 26, 1999.

Giarrusso, Michael. "Killer Who Got Cold Feet about Execution Wins Time." Philadelphia Inquirer. March 31, 1995.

"Hertzog to be Available for Appel Hearing," Morning Call, April 9, 1995.

Hare, Robert. Without Conscience: The Disturbing World of the Psychopaths among Us. New York: Guilford, 1999.

Fersche, Ellsworth Lapham, editor. Thinking About Psychopaths and Psychopathy. New York: iUniverse, 2006.

Kanto, Martin. The Psychopathy of Everyday Life. Westport, CT: Praeger. 2006.

"Killer Changes His Mind; Bank Robber No Longer Wants Death Penalty for 3 Killings in Holdup," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 30, 1995.

"Man who Sought Death Penalty Wants Stay," New York Times, March 31, 1995.

Morganelli, John M. The D-Day Bank Massacre: The True Story Behind the Martin Appel Case. Pittsburgh, PA: Sterlinghouse, 2007.

"Plea Deal Will Send Man to Prison for Life in Fatal Bank Robbery," Associated Press, August 29, 2001.

Roddy, Dennis. "Murderer Tells State to Speed His Execution." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 19, 1995.


We're Following
Slender Man stabbing, Waukesha, Wisconsin
Gilberto Valle 'Cannibal Cop'