Crime Library: Criminal Minds and Methods

Black Widows: Veiled in Their Own Web of Darkness


The following sources were utilized in writing the Black Widows article:


De La Torre, Lillian. The Truth About Belle Gunness. NY: Fawcett Publications, 1955.

Hall, Angus (ed.) Crimes of Horror. NY: Crescent Books, 1976.

Hickey, Eric W. Serial Murderers and Their Victims. Fresno, CA: California State University Press, 1997.

Kelleher, Michael D. & C.L. Murder Most Rare The Female Serial Killer. NY: Dell/Random House, 1998.

Lane, Brian & Gregg, Wilfred. The Encyclopedia of Serial Killers. NY: Berkley Books, 1995.

Leyton, Elliott. Hunting Humans: The Modern Multiple Murderer. McClelland-Bantam, 1986.

Manners. Terry. Deadlier Than the Male. London: Pan Books/Macmillan, 1995.

Nash, Jay Robert. Bloodletters and Badmen. NY: M. Evans & Co., 1995.

Schecter, Harold & Everitt, David. The A-Z Encyclopedia of Serial Killers. NY: Pocket Books, 1997.


ABC News: John Douglas Interview, June 22, 2000
ABC News: Harold Schecter Interview, July 1, 2000
Washington Post: Live Online. Program: "Criminal Profiling," an interview with John Douglas, May 26, 2000


Bill Cresenzo, "The Case of the Black Widow," Alamance County Times-News (North Carolina), 1995.

Hinch, Ronald & Hepburn, Crysal, "Researching Serial Murder: Methodological and Definitional Problems," article in Electronic Journal of Sociology (Issue 1998) published by the University of Guelph, Ontario

Steinber, Jacques, "On the Witness Stand" article in New York Times, April 18, 1995

Trevelli, Angie, "Lizzie Borden Has Company," article in Outer Circle Magazine August, 1993


Bureau of Justice: Press Release, "About 2.1 Million Violent Female Offenders Annually," December 5, 1999

Bureau of Justice Special Report: -- Women Offenders (Statistics of Crimes by Female Gender), written and compiled by Lawrence A. Greenfeld & Tracy L. Snell


Evripidou, Christiana, "Female Serial Killers," sociological report, University of Virginia, 2000

Hennop. Jan, "Crimes of the Century," published by Sunday Times.Online (South Africa), December 12, 1999

Martzinek, Carol, "Femme Fatales," published by Suite 101.Com, December 1999