Crime Library: Criminal Minds and Methods

The Transgender Prisoner and the Eighth Amendment: Should the State Fund an Inmate’s Gender Reassignment Surgery?


Andersen, Travis (2012, September 26). State Appealing Federal Ruling Granting Sex Change for Inmate Michelle Kosilek. Boston Globe,, retrieved 9/27/12.

Barton, Gina (2006, January 25). Inmate Can Still Take Hormones for Now. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.

Barton, Gina (2006, February 2). Inmates Can Keep Receiving Hormones. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.

Brydum, Sunnivie (2012, September 12). Ruling on Trans Inmate’s Surgery Gets Bipartisan Rebuke. Advocate,, retrieved 9/25/12.

Convicted Killer’s Bid for Sex-Change Draws Big Costs (2007, June 28). Advocate,, retrieved 9/25/12.

Ellemont, John R. (2012, September 6). Relative of Woman Killed by Michelle Kosilek Blasts Judge for Making State Pay for Sex-Change Operation. Boston Globe,, retrieved 9/27/12.

Garcia, Michelle (2012, September 18). Judge Orders $500,000 in Legal Fees to Transgender Inmate. Advocate,, retrieved 9/25/12.

Gieseke, Winston (2011, August 18). Recent Ruling Supports Inmate’s Sex-Change Claim. Advocate,, retrieved 9/25/12.

Judge Rejects Inmates Plea for Sex Change (2002, August 31). Advocate,, retrieved 9/25/12.

Kaminer, Wendy (2012, September 6). Is Denying Treatment to Transgender Inmates “Cruel and Unusual”? Atlantic,, retrieved 9/29/12.

Mangum, Christopher (2009, November 23). Transgender Murderer Wants her Electrolysis. Advocate,, retrieved 9/25/12.

Mitchell, Kirk (2006, March 29). Inmate Sues State to Get Sex-Change Operation. The Denver Post.

Trans Inmate Complains of Hormone Disruption (2008, February 29). Advocate,, retrieved 9/25/12.

Mass. Inmate Sex-Change Ruling Praised, Condemned (2012, September 5). NPR,, retrieved 9/26/12.

Memmott, Mark (2012, September 4). State Must Grant Murder Convict a Sex Change Operation, Judge Rules. NPR,, retrieved 9/26/12.

Ragusea, Adam (2011, August 18). Mass. Inmate’s Sex-Change Demands Bolstered by Recent Ruling. WBUR,, retrieved 9/26/12.

Smith, Tovia (2012, September 6). Mass. Prison Reviews Court’s Transgender Ruling. NPR,, retrieved 9/26/12.

Sweet, Laurel J. (2012, September 17). Judge: Transexual Inmate Should Recoup Legal Fees. Boston Herald,, retrieved 9/26/12.

Transgender Convict Sues Prison to Pay for Gender Reassignment Surgery (2006, June 10). Advocate,, retrieved 9/25/12.

Valencia, Milton J. (2012, September 4). Federal Judge Rules State Must Provide Sex Reassignment Surgery for Michelle Kosilek, Who Was Convicted as a Man of Murdering his Wife. Boston Globe,, retrieved 9/27/12.

Van Atta, Matthew (2006, August 25). Transgender Inmates Push Prison Officials for Sex-Change Surgery. Advocate,, retrieved 9/25/12.